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Exchange constant of calcium- and germanium-substituted ...

The room-temperature exchange constant of single-crystal calcium- and germanium-substituted yttrium-iron-garnet thin films has been measured using ferromagnetic resonance techniques. The germanium concentrations varied in the range of 0 to 1.4 moles per formula unit. The experimental results are compared with the predictions of a percolation model by Kirkpatrick and Harris and reasonable ...

Reducing Interfacial Resistance between Garnet-Structured ...

Apr 18, 2017· @article{osti_1388222, title = {Reducing Interfacial Resistance between Garnet-Structured Solid-State Electrolyte and Li-Metal Anode by a Germanium Layer}, author = {Luo, Wei and Gong, Yunhui and Zhu, Yizhou and Li, Yiju and Yao, Yonggang and Zhang, Ying and Fu, Kun Kelvin and Pastel, Glenn and Lin, Chuan -Fu and Mo, Yifei and Wachsman ...

Garnet-Type Solid-State Electrolytes: Materials ...

Apr 09, 2020· A major challenge of garnet is that the contact between the garnet and the Li–metal anodes is poor due to the rigidity of the garnet, which leads to limited active sites and large interfacial resistance. Furthermore, this study proposes a new methodology for reducing the garnet/Li–metal interfacial resistance by depositing a thin germanium ...

Yttrium Aluminum Garnet doped Thulium | AMERICAN ELEMENTS

Yttrium (atomic symbol: Y, atomic number: 39) is a Block D, Group 3, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 88.90585. The number of electrons in each of yttrium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d 1 5s 2. The yttrium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 219 pm. Yttrium was discovered by ...

Spin pumping and laser modulated inverse spin Hall effect ...

Mar 24, 2020· In this work, undoped semiconductors, germanium (Ge) and germanium tin (GeSn), were grown on ferrimagnetic insulator yttrium iron garnet (YIG) thin films using ultra-high vacuum molecular beam epitaxy.

Yttrium iron garnet - Wikipedia

Yttrium iron garnet (YIG) is a kind of synthetic garnet, with chemical composition Y 3 Fe 2 (FeO 4) 3, or Y 3 Fe 5 O 12.It is a ferrimagnetic material with a Curie temperature of 560 K. YIG may also be known as yttrium ferrite garnet, or as iron yttrium oxide or yttrium iron oxide, the latter two names usually associated with powdered forms.

Integration of bulk-quality thin film magneto-optical ...

Cerium substituted yttrium iron garnet (Ce:YIG) films were grown on yttrium iron garnet (YIG) seed layers on silicon nitride films using pulsed laser deposition. Optimal process conditions for forming garnet films on silicon nitride are presented. Bulk or near-bulk magnetic and magneto-optical properties were observed for 160 nm thick Ce:YIG films grown at 640°C on rapid thermal annealed 40 ...

Anisotropy and magnetostriction of germanium-substituted ...

Abstract. The anisotropy, magnetostriction, and linewidth of germanium-substituted yttrium iron garnet single crystals of the composition {Y 3-x Me xII} [Fe 2](Fe 3-y-z MeyIVFezII) O 12-δ Fδ (Me II =Ca 2+,Pb 2+,and Me IV =Ge 4+,Si 4+) have been studied by means of ferromagnetic resonance.Analysis data of Fe 2+, Ge 4+, and of the impurities Pb 2+, Ca 2+, Si 4+ and F-are given for all crystals ...

Liquid phase epitaxy of yttrium aluminum garnet: Reduction ...

Jun 04, 1998· Germanium is found to be a growth inhibitor in the liquid phase epitaxy of yttrium aluminum garnet. Germanium oxide additions to PbO/B 2 O 3 fluxed melts for the liquid phase epitaxy of Y 3 Al 5 O 12 and Ce:Y 3 Al 5 O 12 on Y 3 Al 5 O 12 …

Refractive index of Y3Al5O12 (Yttrium aluminium garnet ...

Optical constants of Y 3 Al 5 O 12 (Yttrium aluminium garnet, YAG) Hrabovský et al. 2021: n 0.193-1.69 µm

Optical and magneto-optical behavior of Cerium Yttrium ...

Mar 30, 2016· The most commonly used MO layers for optical isolators are cerium- or bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet (Ce:YIG or Bi:YIG, (Ce or Bi) x Y 3 …

mp-3050: Y3Al5O12 (cubic, Ia-3d, 230)

Y3Al5O12 crystallizes in the cubic Ia-3d space group. The structure is three-dimensional. Y3+ is bonded in a distorted body-centered cubic geometry to eight equivalent O2- atoms. There are four shorter (2.33 Å) and four longer (2.47 Å) Y–O bond lengths. There are two inequivalent Al3+ sites. In the first Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to four equivalent O2- atoms to form corner-sharing AlO4 ...

Advanced Materials: Vol 29, No 22 - Wiley

Jun 13, 2017· Owing to the rigidity of garnet-structured solid-state electrolyte, the contact between the garnet and a Li-metal anode is poor, which leads to a large interfacial resistance. By depositing a thin germanium layer on the garnet, the interfacial resistance is …

Reducing Interfacial Resistance between Garnet-Structured ...

Reducing Interfacial Resistance between Garnet-Structured Solid-State Electrolyte and Li-Metal Anode by a Germanium Layer Wei Luo, Yunhui Gong, Yizhou Zhu, Yiju Li, Yonggang Yao, Ying Zhang, Kun Kelvin Fu, Glenn Pastel, Chuan Fu Lin, Yifei Mo, Eric D. Wachsman *, Liangbing Hu

‪Kun (Kelvin) Fu‬ - ‪Google Scholar‬

Reducing interfacial resistance between garnet‐structured solid‐state electrolyte and Li‐metal anode by a germanium layer W Luo, Y Gong, Y Zhu, Y Li, Y Yao, Y Zhang, K Fu, G Pastel, CF Lin, Y Mo, ...

Amazing Day Garnet Collecting in Nevada! - YouTube

Aug 02, 2021· The Crystal Collector and friends set out to dig at the famous Garnet Hill Mine in Nevada! This location is epic for high quality garnets! Its open and free...

GARNET CROW「れき」 - YouTube

Nov 09, 2020· 2004.11.17 GARNET CROW 17th Single「れき」Music Video【GARNET CROW 20th Anniversary】WEBSITE : https:// : https://twitter ...

Designing 3D nanostructured garnet frameworks for ...

Nov 01, 2018· CPE with 3D garnet framework was assembled with LFP cathode and lithium metal anode into a coin cell. The charge-discharge curves were measured from 3.0 V to 3.8 V at 60 °C. 2.4. Characterization. CPEs based on 3D garnet framework and nanoparticles were cut into a rectangular shape for firing test.

ICP-MS Lab Publications | Quadrupole ICP-MS Lab

Aug 15, 2021· Rates of Li diffusion in garnet: Coupled transport of Li and Y+REEs. American Mineralogist 99, 1676-1682. Cathey, A.M., Miller, N.R., Kimmel, D.G., 2014, Spatiotemporal stability of trace and minor elemental signals within the early larval shell of the hard clam Mercenaria mercenaria.

‪Wei Luo‬ - ‪Google Scholar‬

Reducing Interfacial Resistance between Garnet‐Structured Solid‐State Electrolyte and Li‐Metal Anode by a Germanium Layer W Luo, Y Gong, Y Zhu, Y Li, Y Yao, Y Zhang, K Fu, G Pastel, CF Lin, Y Mo, ...

Lattice-constant-adaptable crystallographics: II ...

Jun 01, 1990· In addition to the details given in ref. [11], platinum/rhodium or rhodium crucibles are used instead of iridium crucibles specifically for the growth of mixed-garnet crystals containing germanium because an oxidizing growth atmo- sphere (50% N2 + 50% 02) is necessary to sup- press the evaporation of germanium.

Structure and ionic conductivity of Li7La3Zr2−xGexO12 ...

Apr 15, 2018· Lithium garnet-like structure with the substitution of Zr 4+ sites by the same value of Ge 4+ in the Li 7 La 3 Zr 2 O 12 (LLZO) has been synthesized by a solid state reaction. The results indicate that doping Ge 4+ in the LLZO was able to reduce the sintering temperature as well as increase the density of the pellets. The prepared samples Li 7 La 3 Zr 2−x Ge x O 12 with cubic garnet like ...

Review on Computational-Assisted to Experimental Synthesis ...

Jun 17, 2021· Moreover, Wei and companions 138 used a 20 nm thin layer of germanium on the garnet-based SEs to produce lithium-germanium alloy to decrease the interfacial impedance from 900 to 115 Ω cm −2 due to alloying reaction between the lithium and germanium. Minghui 139 improve the garnet-based SE interface layer by depositing tin (Sn) thin-film; an ...

Refractive index of Lu3Al5O12 (Lutetium aluminium garnet ...

J. Hrabovský, M. Kučera, L. Paloušová, L. Bi, M. Veis. Optical characterization of Y 3 Al 5 O 12 and Lu 3 Al 5 O 12 single crystals, Opt. Mater. Express 11, 1218-1223 (2021) Data [Expressions for n] [CSV - comma separated] [TXT - tab separated] [Full database record] Optical transmission calculator

Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Fe 2 + ion in silicon- or ...

Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Fe 2 + ion in silicon- or germanium-substituted yttrium iron garnet at zero temperature Rudowicz, Czeslaw; Abstract. The present work reports the theoretical considerations of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of ferrous ions induced by tetravalent dopants in yttrium iron garnet. Using the spin Hamiltonian ...

Yttrium - Element information, properties and uses ...

Yttrium aluminium garnet, also known as YAG, is a very important synthetic mineral. It is used to make hard, artificial diamonds, which sparkle just like the real ones. What is more, by introducing small quantities of lanthanide ions, materials with a range of useful properties can be made.

Broad red-emission of Sr 3 Y 2 Ge 3 O 12 :Eu 2+ garnet ...

The SYGO garnet is iso-structural to the Ca 3 Y 2 Ge 3 O 12 garnet phase and the ideal unit cell crystal structure was drawn using a Diamond software as shown in Fig. 1(b). From the crystal structure, the Sr 2+, Y 3+, and Ge 4+ ions were surrounded by 8, 6, and 4 oxygen anions, leading to the dodecahedron, octahedron, and tetrahedron ...

Garnet-type solid-state electrolytes and interfaces in all ...

Sep 01, 2020· Owing to the construction of SEI, the cell cycled over 3000 h with a good endurance, which was better than most of other garnet-type SSEs. Moreover, depositing thin germanium layer (20 nm) on garnet-type SSEs to form Li-Ge alloy, which decreased the interfacial resistance between garnet-type SSEs and Li metal anode from 900 to 115 Ω cm −2.

Gadolinium Gallium Garnet | SpringerLink

Abstract. Gadolinium gallium garnet (Gd 3 Ga 5 O 12, or GGG) is perhaps the most perfect single crystal material being produced in large quantities in the world today.The achievement of this high state of perfection has been dictated by the rigid requirements of magnetic bubble devices.

Frontiers | Flux Crystal Growth, Crystal Structure, and ...

A new germanate garnet compound, Ce2CaMg2Ge3O12, was synthesized via flux crystal growth. Truncated spherical, reddish-orange single crystals with a typical size of 0.1–0.3 mm were grown out of a BaCl2–CaCl2 melt. The single crystals were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, which revealed that it adopted a cubic garnet-type structure with a = 12.5487(3) Å in the ...

Broadband spectral modification from visible light to near ...

The energy of the Er 3+ (4 I 13/2 → 4 I 15/2) transition matches well with the band gap of germanium (Eg ∼ 0.785 eV). Ce 3+ – Er 3+ codoped yttrium aluminium garnet is promising for the enhancement of conversion efficiency of germanium solar cells.

3D lithium metal anodes hosted in asymmetric garnet ...

Sep 01, 2018· 1. Introduction. Lithium metal is the ultimate choice for battery anodes because it has the highest specific capacity (3860 mA h/g) and the lowest electrochemical potential (−3.04 V vs. standard hydrogen electrode) among all anode materials, .However, there are challenges regarding the safety and stability of Li metal anodes in conventional batteries with liquid electrolytes, including ...

‪Gong Yunhui‬ - ‪Google Scholar‬

Reducing interfacial resistance between garnet‐structured solid‐state electrolyte and Li‐metal anode by a germanium layer W Luo, Y Gong, Y Zhu, Y Li, Y Yao, Y Zhang, K Fu, G Pastel, CF Lin, Y Mo, ...

Li 7 La 3 Zr 2 O 12

Li7La3Zr2O12 . 1,2(), 1,2() 1. . 2., 100083. : : : : . : ...

Ytterbium Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet | AMERICAN ELEMENTS

Yttrium (atomic symbol: Y, atomic number: 39) is a Block D, Group 3, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 88.90585. The number of electrons in each of yttrium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d 1 5s 2. The yttrium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 219 pm. Yttrium was discovered by ...

()_ - Baidu Baike

(Germanium),Ge,32,72.64,4、IVA。,,,,,、、,、,,、 ...